Italy, 1567 – Italy, 1643

Claudio Monteverdi was an Italian composer, gambist, and singer. His work, often regarded as revolutionary, marked the transition from the music of the Renaissance to that of the Baroque. He developed two individual styles of composition: the new basso continuo technique of the Baroque and the heritage of Renaissance polyphony. Enjoying fame in his lifetime, he wrote one of the earliest operas, L’Orfeo, which is still regularly performed.